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What is Brain Tumor?


Brain tumors are abnormal growths of cells in the brain. They can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign) and can affect various parts of the brain. Brain tumors can interfere with normal brain function and cause a range of symptoms depending on their size and location. Some common symptoms of brain tumors include headaches, seizures, weakness or numbness in the limbs, speech difficulties, changes in vision or hearing, and cognitive problems such as memory loss or confusion.

How Does a Brain Tumor Occur?

A brain tumor is a mass of abnormal cells that develop in the brain. It can originate from any part of the brain or its surrounding tissue and may be benign or malignant. Brain tumors can be primary, meaning they start in the brain, or metastatic, meaning they spread from other parts of the body.

The exact cause of brain tumors is not known, but there are some risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing them. These include family history, exposure to radiation, a weakened immune system, and certain genetic disorders.

The growth and spread of brain tumors occur due to abnormal cell division and growth. These cells form a mass or tumor that can put pressure on the brain and cause damage. As the tumor grows, it can interfere with normal brain function, including movement, sensation, and cognitive abilities.

Brain tumors can be classified based on their location, type of cells involved, and whether they are malignant or benign. Malignant brain tumors are cancerous and can spread to other parts of the brain or body, while benign tumors do not spread and are usually not life-threatening.

Diagnosis of brain tumors typically involves imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan. Treatment options depend on the type, size, and location of the tumor. Treatment can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these.

Overall, brain tumors are a complex and serious medical condition that require prompt diagnosis and treatment by a team of medical professionals, including neurologists, neurosurgeons, and oncologists.

What Are the Types of Brain Tumors?

There are several types of brain tumors, and they are categorized based on where they originate in the brain, as well as whether they are malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous). Some of the common types of brain tumors include:

Gliomas: These tumors develop from the glial cells, which are the supportive cells in the brain. Gliomas are the most common type of brain tumor and can be malignant or benign.

Meningiomas: These tumors develop from the meninges, which are the protective coverings that surround the brain and spinal cord. Meningiomas are usually benign.

Pituitary tumors: These tumors develop from the pituitary gland, which is located at the base of the brain. Pituitary tumors can cause hormonal imbalances and can be either benign or malignant.

Schwannomas: These tumors develop from the Schwann cells, which are the cells that form the protective covering around the nerves. Schwannomas are usually benign.

Medulloblastomas: These tumors are usually malignant and are most common in children. They develop in the cerebellum, which is the part of the brain that controls balance and coordination.

Craniopharyngiomas: These tumors develop near the pituitary gland and can cause hormonal imbalances. They are usually benign.

Ependymomas: These tumors develop from the ependymal cells, which are the cells that line the ventricles of the brain. Ependymomas can be either malignant or benign.

Primary central nervous system lymphomas: These tumors develop from the lymphocytes, which are the white blood cells that help fight infections. They are usually malignant.

The type of brain tumor a person has will determine the treatment options and outlook for the individual.

What Are the Symptoms of a Brain Tumor?

The symptoms of a brain tumor can vary depending on the location, size, and type of tumor. Some of the common symptoms may include:

Headaches: Usually, brain tumor-related headaches are more severe and frequent than normal headaches. They can also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

Vision problems: Blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision can be symptoms of a brain tumor.

Seizures: Seizures that are not associated with a pre-existing seizure disorder can be a symptom of a brain tumor.

Cognitive changes: Changes in memory, concentration, and speech may occur with a brain tumor.

Weakness or paralysis: Brain tumors can cause weakness or paralysis on one side of the body.

Behavioral changes: Irritability, mood swings, and personality changes may occur with a brain tumor.

Balance problems: Difficulty walking or balancing can be a symptom of a brain tumor.

It is important to note that these symptoms can also be associated with other conditions, so a thorough medical evaluation is necessary to diagnose a brain tumor.

Frequently Asked Questions About Brain Tumors (FAQ)

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Lokman Hekim Health Group Istanbul Hospital



Lokman Hekim Health Group, equipped with the latest technology and experienced doctors with 25 years of international medical experience, offers first-class health services in all the branches you need.

As Lokman Hekim Health Group, one of the leading healthcare service brands in Turkiye, we are with you at every point you need, in every step you need to take advantage of our service, in order to provide first-class quality healthcare to our international patients and to maximize patient satisfaction.

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Why Türkiye?

Istanbul the capital of Turkey, eastern tourist city.

Turkiye is in the top 5 among the most popular destinations in the field of medical tourism due to its hospitals with advanced medical technology and well-trained and qualified medical staff. It has become a more preferred location compared to other health tourism locations, especially because Turkiye  offers high-quality health services at an affordable price.

You can easily travel to Turkiye, which geographically combines Europe and Asia, no matter which continent you come from. In addition, according to your health status, you can organize touristic trips before or after your treatment or take advantage of shopping opportunities in Turkiye.

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